Back of Charles’ picture – part of letter from his Aunt Miriam who lived in Muswell Hill
Born 1887 – Died 9 November 1917 – WW1
1st Bn. Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
Service No: 27378
Charles is my Great Uncle, my Grandmother’s brother. He was born in Bramshaw, New Forest. As a teenager he purchased a penny farthing cycle. He tried to ride it and managed a short distance until he landed head-first in a near-by ditch. Although living in Bramshaw when young, his name is also on an old scroll from the Methodist Church at Cadnam. He moved from the New Forest and was the first of our family to own Chase Cottage, Shirrell Heath, Southampton. He worked as a cowman for Hubert Watson until he was ordered to sign up and fight for his country in the First World War.
He asked his sister, Ellen (my Grandmother, also known as Nellie), if she would pay the rent, etc, while he was away in the trenches. However, he was killed during the war and never returned to England. Ellen then took over the property.
My information about my Uncle Charlie has been shared with John Cockram and Richard Williams who have written a book titled ‘The New Forest in the Great War 1917’. The book will be sold through St Barbes Museum in Lymington, Hampshire from March 2017. Please contact Richard Williams on firstname.lastname@example.org for more information if you are interested in a copy. Sheila
THE NEW FOREST IN THE GREAT WAR 1917 – BY JOHN COCKRAM & RICHARD WILLIAMS
When Emma Fry died in 1893 at the age of 37, it was probably in giving birth to Emma Edna. It fell to the two eldest daughters still at home, Beatrice, 13 and Ellen, 12 to run the household for their father, Edwin and look after their younger siblings. These consisted of Sidney, 10, Charles, 6, Hester, 4, Winifred, 2 and the baby Edna. Their home was Kew Lake Cottage, near Warrens Home Farm, Bramshaw. The eldest child, Eva May, in 1891 aged 12, was lodging with her Aunt and Uncle, Walter and Miriam Harding in Wandsworth. Their father, Edwin, was originally a farm labourer, but by 1901, he had progressed to be a shepherd. The census of that year shows the family gradually splitting up; Ellen had moved to Wandsworth to work as a postal clerk with her now widowed aunt, Marian (Miriam) Harding, who was a sub-postmistress. She also took her sister Hester with her. Sidney was working as a cowman for Henry Huntley of Charlton Marshall, Blandford. Charles was working as a Diary Boy but still at home with his two younger sisters, Winifred and Edna. Beatrice continued to keep house, a role she was still fulfilling ten years later when only she and her father remained at Kewlake. Like his brother, Charles, aged 24, was working as a cowman and in 1911 was lodging at Shirrell Heath, near Botley.
Charles enlisted at the nearby town of Fareham and joined the 1st Battalion of the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry (DCLI) in about July 1916. He went to France, but the 1st Battalion came out of the line at the beginning of September 1917 and went into billets at Ambrines for rest and refitting. After 15 days of fine weather spent training and relaxing, the battalion left to march to Ligny, then by train to Audricq and another march to La Communal arriving at 7.00 a.m. on 25th September. Further moves brought the unit to Meteren on the 1st October before going into the Reserve trenches at Sanctuary Wood. This was the offensive by 2nd Army in which the task of the 5th Division was the capture of the spur south west of Reutel. Two Brigades, 95th on the left and 13th on the right provided two assaulting battalion each. 1 DCLI was on the left and 1 Devons on the right in the 95th Brigade. The attack began at 6.00 a.m. on 4th October. Charles’s battalion was initially held up by pill-boxes but, these were captured with the help of a tank. However the troops were subject to severe artillery fire and had to withdraw to a less exposed position in the area of Cameron Covert. Overnight the battalion was reinforced by 1 East Surreys although the left flank was not subject to counterattacks. Charles was fighting with the Trench Mortar Battery of his battalion and it was the next day, 5th October that he was wounded by hostile artillery fire. On 11th October, 5th Division was relieved by 14th Division and moved to the Westoutre area. On recovery, Charles was assigned to A Company as a stretcher-bearer. Following a period in camp reorganising and training, the 95th Brigade moved back to Reserve trenches on 28th October. They experienced enemy barrages that included gas shells over the next few days.
On 5th November, 1 DCLI relieved 1 Norfolks at the assembly position and the following day at 6.00 a.m. launched an attack on Polderhoek Chateau (See page 321). The Cornish men were the assault battalion, A and B Companies leading with C and D following closely and with 1 Devons in support. When our artillery barrage started the Germans immediately replied with artillery and a heavy machine gun barrage. The first wave was stopped by direct machine gun fire and the support companies advanced but suffered considerable casualties. The men had to withdraw as they were bombed and machine gunned. At about 8.00 a.m. a German artillery barrage of two hours prevented further movement. Eventually the men were brought back and a line formed, only for more casualties to be taken when our 18 pdrs. began firing at a reduced range. Further withdrawal was made in line with the original assembly position. The line was consolidated during the night and Charles’s battalion was relieved by 1 East Surreys and withdrew to Bedford House on the night of 6th/7th November. Extensive casualty lists with the battalion war diary record that Charles was wounded in the attack on the 6th November. He was taken to No. 3 Canadian CCS suffering from shrapnel wounds to his right thigh. He died of these wounds three days later.
Charles is buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Flanders, in:
Grave XXII. CC. 24.
Charles’ name is engraved on the War Memorial at the cross-roads of Church Road and Winchester Road at Shedfield, Nr Southampton (see below with Georgia and Sam Henry-Dobbyn [my grandchildren] laying flowers on Remembrance Day 2011. He is also honoured inside the church at Bramshaw on a plaque commemorating all the men lost from that village in the World Wars.
Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry Battles
August 1914 : in Ireland. Part of 14th Brigade, 5th Division 12 January 1916 : transferred to 95th Brigade, 5th Division
Summary history of the 5th Division
When war was declared in August 1914, this regular army Division was in barracks in Ireland. It moved immediately to France, following pre-war planning. The men of the original units were amongst the first to see action, at Mons on 23 August 1914.
The Battle of Monsand The Action of Elouges
The Battle of Le Cateauand the Affair of Crepy en Valois
The Battle of the Marne
The Battle of the Aisne
The Battle of La Bassee
The Battle of Messines 1914
First Battle of Ypres
Capture of Hill 60
The Second Battle of Ypres (13th Brigade)
In late 1915, many units were switched for those of 32nd Division, a newly arrived volunteer formation. The idea was to strengthen – “stiffen” in the jargon of the time – the inexperienced Division by mixing in some regular army troops – even though by now many of the pre-war regulars had gone and the “regular” battalions themselves were often largely composed of new recruits.
It is at his point that it is believe that Charles joined his unit.
March 1916 saw a move, with 5th Division taking over a section of front line between St Laurent Blangy and the southern edge of Vimy Ridge, in front of Arras. This was a lively time, with many trench raids, sniping and mining activities in the front lines.
When the Franco-British offensive opened on the Somme on 1 July 1916, the 5th Division was enjoying a period of rest and re-fit, in GHQ Reserve. However, this restful time was not destined to last for a move began towards the battle.
The Attacks on High Wood (second phase of the Battle of the Somme)
The Battle of Guillemont (fourth phase)
The Battle of Flers-Courcelette (sixth phase)
The Battle of Morval (seventh phase)
The Battle of Le Transloy (eighth)
By 5 October, 5th Division had left the Somme and was now holding a quieter line near Festubert. There was a constant threat from enemy artillery and sniper fire, but in comparison with the Somme it was a relatively tranquil period that lasted until March 1917.
The Battle of Vimy (first phase of the ArrasOffensive)
The Attack on La Coulotte (second phase)
The Third Battle of the Scarpe (fourth phase)This action included the capture by the Division of Oppy Wood.
On 7 September 1917, the Division was relieved and moved out of the line for a period, being sent next to join the great offensive in Flanders, which is officially called the Third Battle of Ypres but is perhaps better known as Passchendaele.
The Battle of the Polygon Wood (fourth phase of the Third Battle of Ypres)
The Battle of Broodseinde (fifth phase)
The Battle of Poelcapelle (sixth phase)
The Second Battle of Passchendaele (eighth phase)
Charles would not have been in all the battles listed that the 5th Division fought, however the battles affected all the troops on the fighting front.
Charles was killed on 9th November 1917
Quote – 2nd Battle of Passchendale 26th Oct – 11 Nov 1917 – 1st Bn DCLI was held in reserve until 5th Nov when it moved up to the front, for the attack on Polderhoek Chateau. Despite valiant efforts and heavy shelling together with machine gun fire all movements came to a halt. That afternoon it was ordered to pull back.
Battalion strength after a few hours fighting – Start 16 Officers 300 other ranks.
Reduced to 5 Officers 177 Other ranks. End of Quote.
Charles Fry was awarded the Victory Medal – British War Medal. His family would have had his medals, his name and number engraved on the rim, also the bronze plaque (known as Dead Man’s Penny).
Charles would have endured a living hell in the months prior to his death and he did well to survive as long as he did.